Unit 4 Journal 2

Noun phrases

Prepositional phrase

The park, with many swings, is a great place for children to play.

Absolute phrase

Her eyes fixed on the swing, the mother kept an eye on his son, who was playing with other children.

Appositive phrase

The park, an old area with many trees and benches, was the children’s favourite place to play.

 

Verb phrases

Infinitive phrases

To become the mayor of the city, he needed to prepare a good campaign and win the elections.

She studied hard to pass her exam.

Participial phrases

Exhausted by all the running, she entered the class and handed in the paper just in time.

Feeling extremely happy, the young man run towards the hospital elevator to get to the third floor and finally see his newborn son.

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Unit 4 Journal 1

I’m almost at the end of the course and this week the exercises are about clauses and phrases. For this first task I need to discuss some of the advantages of the place where I live. I must write at least three sentences including adjective clauses and three more including adverbial clauses.

Adjective clauses

  1. The park next to my house, which has many swings, is a great place for children to play.
  2. The mayor, whose wife is the principal of the elementary school, shows concern about the problems of the citizens.
  3. The day when I moved here I instanctly knew I was going to like this place.

Adverbial clauses

  1. Even though the place is sometimes too quiet, it is nice when you’re looking for some peace.
  2. Before the house where I live was built, there were no streets in this part of town.
  3. Rather than living in this village, I would prefer to live on a bigger city.

Unit 3 Journal 2

In this task I have to continue my observations of the scene from the previous exercice, this time paying more attention on vivid action verbs that I have already used. All the sentences have to contain action verbs, and I must try not to use any form of “to be”. 

As the five sentences from the previous exercice already contain action verbs I’m going to write five more. 

  1. They dance at the crashing sound of music
  2. She plays football while her sister examines the plants
  3. They were argueing at the top of their voice and everyone was staring at them. 
  4. You might stumble into a tree if you don’t watch your step
  5. They shouldn’t shoot the ball so violently, they‘re going to hurt someone.

Unit 3 Journal 1

For this task I have to write 5 or 6 sentences describing scenes where people are interacting. This unit is about subjects and verbs, and this first task focuses mostly on subjects, so I’ll use different types of pronouns, nouns, gerunds and infinitives to create the sentences. Words in bold are the subjects.

  1. Nobody was running in the park this morning due to the heavy rain.
  2. Alice and Mark went together to the supermarket to buy some groceries for the party.
  3. Who walked inside the room when we were at the kitchen?
  4. Some plants don’t need much water to survive.
  5. Reading is a good way to improve your proficiency in a language.
  6. Both of you are grounded, so you may not go to the party.
  7. Nothing compares to the experience we had in India last summer.
  8. This is the movie that got so many good reviews.

Ok, I admit some sentences have nothing to do with people interacting, but I just wanted to use pronouns and other subject forms which I’m not familiar with.

Unit 2 Journal 2

For this exercise I have to continue with the previous list and this time write down five to ten verbs and adverbs. Here it goes:

Verbs

  1. Study
  2. Work
  3. Read
  4. Listen
  5. Breathe
  6. Write
  7. Stare

Adverbs

  1. Loudly
  2. Soon
  3. Late
  4. Carefully
  5. Deeply
  6. Steadily
  7. Very
  8. Constantly

The second part of the exercise consists in building sentences using the verbs and adverbs and the nouns and adjectives from the previous task.

  1. The boy sitting on the blue table was staring deeply at his laptop.
  2. I like to read on cold afternoons, while the wind whistles loudly outside.
  3. You’ll have to start studying English soon if you want to pass the test.
  4. He constantly falls asleep on the wooden table.